Goal of the Mississippi Trauma System: To deliver the right patient to the right hospital the first time.
This goal is based on research, which supports that timely delivery of trauma patients to the most appropriate facility (capable of caring for specific types of injuries) improves patient care outcomes.
The United States Congress passed the Trauma Care Systems Planning and Development Act in 1990. Thereafter, the development of trauma care systems began in earnest throughout the United States. Significant developments in the history of Mississippi’s Trauma Care System include:
- 1991: Mississippi Department of Health is designated by the Mississippi Legislature as the lead agency for trauma system development.
- 1992: Development and implementation began for the state-wide Trauma Registry.
- 1997: The Trauma Care Task Force is established by the Mississippi Legislature.
- 1998: Mississippi Legislature passes HB 966 establishing:
- State-wide Trauma System
- Trauma Care Trust Fund
- Mississippi Trauma Advisory Committee (MTAC)
- 1999: Mississippi Legislature adds $6 million to the Trauma Care Trust Fund
- 2002: State Trauma Plan is recognized by the Centers for Medicare/Medicaid Services as a “community plan – plan implemented in 2003.
- 2005: Mississippi Legislature authorizes a $5 increase in moving traffic violations for the Trauma Care Trust Fund.
- 2008: Mississippi Legislature passes HB 1405, which mandates hospital participation in the trauma care system based on capability
- 1st trauma system of its kind in the nation
- Increases funding from traffic fines and ATV/motorcycle point-of-sales
- Implements block grant funding based on the level of hospital participation in the system
- 2016: Mississippi Legislature passed Senate Bill 2362, also known as the Budget Transparency and Simplification Act, which swept collections from fines previously directed to an account to fund the Trauma System into the state General Fund
- 2017: Mississippi Legislature passed House Bill 1511, which set a limit on the amount of money that might be used on Trauma from the State General Fund at $7,023,197 and reduced overall authorization to spend on Trauma from $40 million to $20 million
Despite financial challenges, the system has continued to achieve improvement in terms of lowering death rates from trauma. From 2006 to 2016, although incidences of traumatic injury increased by 28% in Mississippi, adult death rates from trauma decreased by 2% and pediatric death rates decreased by 2.4%.