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About the Trauma Care System

 
This page has been automatically translated from English. MSDH has not reviewed this translation and is not responsible for any inaccuracies.

Mississippi's Trauma Care System, established in 1998 by the Mississippi Legislature, became the first statewide trauma system in the United States to mandate hospital participation in 2008. Section 41-59-5 (5), Mississippi Code of 1972, as amended, establishes the Mississippi State Department of Health (MSDH) as the lead agency in statewide Trauma Care System development. MSDH bears responsibility for implementing and managing the statewide Trauma Care System. This responsibility includes developing and administering the statewide Trauma Care System Plan and Trauma Care System Rules and Regulations. These documents provide for the standards and processes involved in Trauma Care System implementation. Elements of the Trauma Care System include funding, performance improvement, data collection, education and prevention programs, inter-facility transfer agreement(s), designation of trauma centers, trauma team activation and EMS field destination guidelines. As of May 2020, the system consists of 86 trauma centers designated at their respective level based on staff and resources: 4 Level I Trauma Centers, 3 Level II Trauma Centers, 16 Level III Trauma Centers, 62 Level IV Trauma Centers, and two burn centers.

Level I Trauma Centers

Level I facilities are tertiary care facilities located at the hub of the state’s geographic regions (central, north and south). These facilities contribute substantially to statewide trauma system planning, provide trauma education, carry out trauma research and offer trauma prevention programs. Ideally, these facilities provide total care of the trauma patient for every aspect of injury through rehabilitation. Required resources include:

  • Surgical Residency Program
  • Neurological Surgery
  • Orthopedic Surgery
  • General Surgery
  • Anesthesia
  • Post Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU)
  • Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
  • Emergency Department

Level II Trauma Centers

Level II facilities are acute care facilities with the commitment, resources and specialties to provide sophisticated trauma care. Required resources include:

  • Neurological Surgery
  • Orthopedic Surgery
  • General Surgery
  • Anesthesia
  • Post Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU)
  • Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
  • Emergency Department

Level III Trauma Centers

Level III facilities are acute care facilities with the commitment, resources and specialties to provide initial resuscitation of trauma patients. Generally, these facilities provide initial resuscitation of trauma patients and immediate operative interventions to control hemorrhage, and to assure maximal stabilization prior to referral to a higher level of care facility. However, many trauma patients may remain at the Level III facility, because their condition does not warrant transfer to a higher-level of care facility. The decision to transfer the trauma patient rests with the attending physician. These facilities will collaborate with other trauma centers and develop transfer protocols to ensure a well-defined transfer sequence. Required resources include:

  • Orthopedic Surgery
  • General Surgery
  • Anesthesia
  • Post Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU)
  • Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
  • Emergency Department

Level IV Trauma Centers

Level IV facilities are generally licensed, small, rural hospitals with the commitment to resuscitate and transfer trauma patients as appropriate to higher-level facilities. These facilities maybe staffed by either a physician or advanced practice providers.

Last reviewed on Feb 26, 2019

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Mississippi State Department of Health 570 East Woodrow Wilson Dr Jackson, MS 39216 866-HLTHY4U Contact and information

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