Mississippi State Department of Health   [close]
 
Preventing Prescription Drug Abuse
 
 
This page has been automatically translated from English. MSDH has not reviewed this translation and is not responsible for any inaccuracies.

Most overdose deaths in Mississippi are accidental, caused by prescription drugs. Proper storage and disposal of medications can prevent injuries and deaths from drug abuse and drug overdoses.

Prescription abuse is taking any medication prescribed for someone else, or taking a higher dosage or in a manner than has not been prescribed.

Prescription drug abuse is a national epidemic – more than 91 Americans die each day from an opioid overdose. Opioids (including prescription opioids and heroin) killed more than 33,000 people in 2015, more than any year on record. Nearly half of all opioid overdose deaths involve a prescription opioid. The rate of overdose deaths involving opioids has doubled since 2000, and southern states, including Mississippi, have the most prescriptions per person for opioid painkillers.

Who Is at Risk

  • Men ages 25 to 54 have the highest numbers of prescription drug overdoses, and are about twice as likely to die from an overdose than women. CDC
  • Prescription drug abuse by women is rapidly rising. About 18 women die each day from prescription painkiller overdoses. CDC
  • Newborns whose mothers abused prescription drugs can suffer drug withdrawal problems (neonatal abstinence syndrome, or NAS). CDC
  • Children visit emergency departments twice as often for medication poisoning than for poisonings from household products. Pediatrics
  • As many as 1 in 4 adults who receive long-term opioid prescriptions for non-cancer pain struggles with lifelong addiction. CDC
  • Prescription medications are now the most commonly abused drugs among youth 12-13 years old. Partnership for Drug-Free Kids
  • Teens’ ease of access to prescription medicines in the home is a key factor in drug misuse and abuse.
  • Soldiers and veterans surviving serious injuries are at increased risk for abuse of prescription painkillers. JAMA
  • Overuse of prescription painkillers for occupational injuries is becoming an epidemic in workers’ compensation systems. ACOEM

What You Can Do

Nationally, almost 70 percent of people who abused prescription drugs say they got them from a family member or friend. Proper prescription drug disposal ensures that drugs won't fall into the hands of those they can hurt the most.

  • Painkillers are the most commonly abused prescription drug. If you are taking pain medication, develop a pain management plan with your doctor to make sure you're receiving the right amount of pain medication.
  • Always store prescription drugs securely, and not easily accessed by others. Keep track of quantities, and keep the drugs in a locked medicine cabinet if possible.
  • Properly dispose of medications once treatment is completed. Check the label or patient information guide for disposal instructions. Your pharmacist can also tell you about safe drug drop-off locations to dispose of leftover medications.

What Mississippi Is Doing: The Prescription Monitoring Program

The Mississippi Prescription Monitoring Program is an electronic tracking program managed by the Mississippi Board of Pharmacy to help practitioners and medical dispensers identify possible inappropriate use of controlled substance drugs and other designated medications. The online service supplies a patient’s controlled substance prescription history and information about the prescriber and dispenser. This program supports the legitimate use of controlled substances while helping to safeguard public health and safety.

Resources

Infographics and posters

Reports, Research and Data

State agencies and organizations

National organizations

Best practices

Additional links


Links referenced
prescription opioids    https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/opioids/index.html
Source: CDC (2012)    http://www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns/opioid-prescribing/
CDC    http://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/data/overdose.html
CDC    http://www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns/prescriptionpainkilleroverdoses/
neonatal abstinence syndrome    http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6531a2.htm
CDC    http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6531a2.htm
Pediatrics    http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/127/6/e1597.extract
CDC    http://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/data/overdose.html
Partnership for Drug-Free Kids    http://medicineabuseproject.org
JAMA    http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1105046
ACOEM    http://www.acoem.org/prescriptionDrugAbusepreventionAct.aspx
SAMHSA    http://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/DR006/DR006/nonmedical-pain-reliever-use-2013.htm
Participating locations »    http://www.dmh.ms.gov/alcohol-and-drug-services/
drivers' license offices    http://www.dps.state.ms.us/prescription-drugs-now-mississippis-1-drug-threat
drug take-back program    http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/drug_disposal/takeback/
Mississippi Board of Pharmacy    http://www.mbp.state.ms.us/
More reports and briefs    http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/index.cfm/44,0,382,740,html
Mississippi Board of Pharmacy    http://www.mbp.state.ms.us
Mississippi Board of Medical Licensure    http://www.msbml.ms.gov
Mississippi Board of Nursing    http://www.msbn.state.ms.us
Mississippi Department of Mental Health    http://www.dmh.ms.gov
Mississippi Bureau of Narcotics    http://www.dps.state.ms.us/crime-investigation/bureau-of-narcotics/
Mississippi Division of Medicaid    http://www.medicaid.ms.gov
Mississippi Pharmacists Association    http://mspharm.org
Mississippi Medical Association    http://www.msmaonline.com
Mississippi Nursing Association    http://www.msnurses.org
Mississippi Association of Nurse Practitioners    http://www.msanp.org
Mississippi Academy of Physician Assistants    http://www.mapa.ms
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention    http://www.cdc.gov/homeandrecreationalsafety/overdose/
Office of National Drug Control Policy    http://www.whitehouse.gov/ondcp
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration    http://www.samhsa.gov
National Institute on Drug Abuse    http://www.drugabuse.gov
National Association of State and Territorial Health Officers (ASTHO)    http://www.astho.org
National Association of State Controlled Substances Authorities (NASCSA)    http://www.nascsa.org
Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America (CADCA)    http://www.cadca.org
National Prescription Drug Abuse Prevention Strategy    http://claad.org/national-strategy/
National Prescription Drug Abuse Prevention Plan 2011    http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/ondcp/policy-and-research/rx_abuse_plan.pdf
National Survey on Drug Use and Health    https://nsduhweb.rti.org/
Preventing Prescription Drug Misuse, Abuse, and Diversion Across the Continuum    http://www.astho.org/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=7535
Recommendations for Preventing Drug Abuse and Excessive Alcohol Use    http://www.astho.org/NPS/Toolkit/Preventing-Drug-Abuse-and-Excessive-Alcohol-Use/?terms=prescription+drug+abuse
PDMP Center of Excellence: Guidelines and Best Practices    http://www.pdmpassist.org/content/guidelines
Enhancing Access to Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs Using Health Information Technology (2012)    http://www.healthit.gov/sites/default/files/work_group_document_integrated_paper_final_0.pdf
Drug Abuse Awareness Network (DAWN)    http://www.thecrimereport.org/archive/drug-abuse-awareness-network-dawn/
Prescription Drug Monitoring Information Exchange (PMIX)    http://www.pdmpassist.org/content/prescription-drug-monitoring-information-architecture-pmix
National Association of Drug Diversion Investigators    http://naddi.associationdatabase.com
National Association of State Controlled Substances Authorities (NASCSA)    http://www.nascsa.org/
PDMP Center of Excellence    http://www.pdmpexcellence.org/
DrugFree.org: Parents and Teens Against Drug Abuse    http://www.drugfree.org
The National Alliance for Model State Drug Laws (NAMSDL)    http://www.namsdl.org/


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