Tobacco use or chronic diseases such as HIV and diabetes increase the chances that you'll contract tuberculosis (TB), and that it will progress more quickly to serious TB disease.
TB is an under-recognized risk in those with chronic diseases and those who smoke. You're more likely to develop TB, and TB can increase the severity of the disease you already have. Smoking, TB, and HIV disease are likely to co-occur as well. Patients and doctors need to be aware of these increased risks.
TB and Other Diseases
- TB is one of the leading causes of death among people living with HIV.
- People with diabetes have a tuberculosis risk 2 to 3 times higher than people without diabetes.
- Smoking may inhibit the effectiveness of life-saving treatment for HIV.
Knowing your TB status is essential if you have a chronic disease, or you smoke, or both. TB testing can detect tuberculosis while it is still easily treatable, and before it takes a further toll on your health. You can be tested by your doctor, or by visiting a county health department.
Early detection and treatment is essential to recovering from tuberculosis and living a better life.